2020 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code G54.0

Brachial plexus disorders

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
  • G54.0 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes.
  • The 2020 edition of ICD-10-CM G54.0 became effective on October 1, 2019.
  • This is the American ICD-10-CM version of G54.0 - other international versions of ICD-10 G54.0 may differ.
Applicable To
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
The following code(s) above G54.0 contain annotation back-references
Annotation Back-References
In this context, annotation back-references refer to codes that contain:
  • Applicable To annotations, or
  • Code Also annotations, or
  • Code First annotations, or
  • Excludes1 annotations, or
  • Excludes2 annotations, or
  • Includes annotations, or
  • Note annotations, or
  • Use Additional annotations
that may be applicable to G54.0:
  • G00-G99
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range G00-G99

    Diseases of the nervous system

    Type 2 Excludes
    • certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P04-P96)
    • certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
    • complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A)
    • congenital malformations, deformations, and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
    • endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E88)
    • injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00-T88)
    • neoplasms (C00-D49)
    • symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R94)
    Diseases of the nervous system
  • G50-G59
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range G50-G59

    Nerve, nerve root and plexus disorders

    Type 1 Excludes
    • current traumatic nerve, nerve root and plexus disorders - see Injury, nerve by body region
    • neuralgia NOS (M79.2)
    • neuritis NOS (M79.2)
    • peripheral neuritis in pregnancy (O26.82-)
    • radiculitis NOS (M54.1-)
    Nerve, nerve root and plexus disorders
  • G54
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code G54

    Nerve root and plexus disorders

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    • current traumatic nerve root and plexus disorders - see nerve injury by body region
    • intervertebral disc disorders (M50-M51)
    • neuralgia or neuritis NOS (M79.2)
    • neuritis or radiculitis brachial NOS (M54.13)
    • neuritis or radiculitis lumbar NOS (M54.16)
    • neuritis or radiculitis lumbosacral NOS (M54.17)
    • neuritis or radiculitis thoracic NOS (M54.14)
    • radiculitis NOS (M54.10)
    • radiculopathy NOS (M54.10)
    • spondylosis (M47.-)
    Nerve root and plexus disorders
Approximate Synonyms
  • Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Bilateral brachial plexus neuropathy
  • Bilateral neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Brachial plexus disorder
  • Brachial plexus nerve disorder
  • Left arterial thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Left brachial plexus neuropathy
  • Left neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Left scalenus anticus syndrome
  • Left thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Left venous thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Neuropathy of left brachial plexus
  • Neuropathy of right brachial plexus
  • Right arterial thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Right brachial plexus neuropathy
  • Right neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Right scalenus anticus syndrome
  • Right thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Right venous thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Scalenus anticus syndrome
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome arterial
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome neurogenic
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome venous
  • Venous thoracic outlet syndrome
Clinical Information
  • A brachial plexus disorder characterized by regional paresthesia, pain and muscle weakness, and limited movement in the arm or hand.
  • A condition marked by numbness, tingling, pain, weakness, or limited movement in the arm or hand. It is caused by an impairment of the brachial plexus, a network of nerves that affect the arm and hand.
  • A disorder characterized by regional paresthesia of the brachial plexus, marked discomfort and muscle weakness, and limited movement in the arm or hand.
  • A neurovascular syndrome associated with compression of the brachial plexus; subclavian artery; and subclavian vein at the superior thoracic outlet. This may result from a variety of anomalies such as a cervical rib, anomalous fascial bands, and abnormalities of the origin or insertion of the anterior or medial scalene muscles. Clinical features may include pain in the shoulder and neck region which radiates into the arm, paresis or paralysis of brachial plexus innervated muscles, paresthesia, loss of sensation, reduction of arterial pulses in the affected extremity, ischemia, and edema. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp214-5).
  • A syndrome resulting from the compression of the blood vessels or nerves in the space between the clavicle and first rib (thoracic outlet). It is caused by car accident injuries or repetitive job or sport-related injuries. Signs and symptoms include pain in the shoulders and neck, numbness in the fingers, and weakening grip.
  • Diseases of the cervical (and first thoracic) roots, nerve trunks, cords, and peripheral nerve components of the brachial plexus. Clinical manifestations include regional pain, paresthesia; muscle weakness, and decreased sensation (hypesthesia) in the upper extremity. These disorders may be associated with trauma (including birth injuries); thoracic outlet syndrome; neoplasms; neuritis; radiotherapy; and other conditions. (from Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1351-2)
  • If you have thoracic outlet syndrome (tos), the nerves or blood vessels just below your neck are compressed, or squeezed. It can be between the muscles of your neck and shoulder or between the first rib and collarbone. You may feel burning, tingling and numbness along your arm, hand, and fingers. If a nerve is compressed, you may also feel weakness in your hand. If a vein is compressed, your hand might be sensitive to cold, or turn pale or bluish. Your arm might swell and tire easily.tos can be a repetitive stress injury. An extra rib, scar tissue, traumatic injury or inherited defects can also cause tos. Treatment depends on what caused your tos. Medicines, physical therapy and relaxation might help. Surgery may also be an option. Most people recover.
ICD-10-CM G54.0 is grouped within Diagnostic Related Group(s) (MS-DRG v37.0):
  • 073 Cranial and peripheral nerve disorders with mcc
  • 074 Cranial and peripheral nerve disorders without mcc

Convert G54.0 to ICD-9-CM

Code History
  • 2016 (effective 10/1/2015): New code (first year of non-draft ICD-10-CM)
  • 2017 (effective 10/1/2016): No change
  • 2018 (effective 10/1/2017): No change
  • 2019 (effective 10/1/2018): No change
  • 2020 (effective 10/1/2019): No change
Code annotations containing back-references to G54.0:
  • Type 2 Excludes: M53.1
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M53.1

    Cervicobrachial syndrome

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
    Type 2 Excludes
    • cervical disc disorder (M50.-)
    • thoracic outlet syndrome (G54.0)

Diagnosis Index entries containing back-references to G54.0:
  • Angiospasm (peripheral) (traumatic) (vessel) I73.9
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code I73.9

    Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • Intermittent claudication
    • Peripheral angiopathy NOS
    • Spasm of artery
    Type 1 Excludes
  • Compression
    • nerve G58.9
      - see also Disorder, nerve
      ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code G58.9

      Mononeuropathy, unspecified

        2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
      • axillary G54.0
    • brachial plexus G54.0
  • Degeneration, degenerative
    • brachial plexus G54.0
  • Disorder (of) - see also Disease
    • nerve G58.9
      ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code G58.9

      Mononeuropathy, unspecified

        2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
      • axillary G54.0
    • brachial plexus G54.0
  • Irritation
    • axillary nerve G54.0
    • brachial plexus G54.0
  • Lesion(s) (nontraumatic)
    • brachial plexus G54.0
  • Naffziger's syndrome G54.0
  • Neuropathy, neuropathic G62.9
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code G62.9

    Polyneuropathy, unspecified

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • Neuropathy NOS
    • brachial plexus G54.0
  • Palsy G83.9
    - see also Paralysis
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code G83.9

    Paralytic syndrome, unspecified

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
  • Paralysis, paralytic (complete) (incomplete) G83.9
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code G83.9

    Paralytic syndrome, unspecified

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
  • Plexitis, brachial G54.0
  • Pressure
    • brachial plexus G54.0
  • Scalenus anticus G54.0 (anterior)
  • Syndrome - see also Disease
    • brachial plexus G54.0
    • cervicothoracic outlet G54.0
    • costoclavicular G54.0
    • hyperabduction G54.0
    • middle radicular G54.0
    • Naffziger's G54.0
    • outlet G54.0 (thoracic)
    • scalenus anticus G54.0 (anterior)
    • subcoracoid-pectoralis minor G54.0
    • thoracic outlet G54.0 (compression)
    • Wright's G54.0 (hyperabduction)
  • Thoracic - see also condition
    • outlet syndrome G54.0
  • Vasospasm (vasoconstriction) I73.9
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code I73.9

    Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • Intermittent claudication
    • Peripheral angiopathy NOS
    • Spasm of artery
    Type 1 Excludes
    • nerve
      • brachial plexus G54.0
  • Wright's syndrome G54.0

ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To G54.0
G52 Disorders of other cranial nerves
G52.0 Disorders of olfactory nerve
G52.1 Disorders of glossopharyngeal nerve
G52.2 Disorders of vagus nerve
G52.3 Disorders of hypoglossal nerve
G52.7 Disorders of multiple cranial nerves
G52.8 Disorders of other specified cranial nerves
G52.9 Cranial nerve disorder, unspecified
G53 Cranial nerve disorders in diseases classified elsewhere
G54 Nerve root and plexus disorders
G54.0 Brachial plexus disorders
G54.1 Lumbosacral plexus disorders
G54.2 Cervical root disorders, not elsewhere classified
G54.3 Thoracic root disorders, not elsewhere classified
G54.4 Lumbosacral root disorders, not elsewhere classified
G54.5 Neuralgic amyotrophy
G54.6 Phantom limb syndrome with pain
G54.7 Phantom limb syndrome without pain
G54.8 Other nerve root and plexus disorders
G54.9 Nerve root and plexus disorder, unspecified
G55 Nerve root and plexus compressions in diseases classified elsewhere

Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes.