2020 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J09.X

Influenza due to identified novel influenza A virus

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
  • J09.X should not be used for reimbursement purposes as there are multiple codes below it that contain a greater level of detail.
  • The 2020 edition of ICD-10-CM J09.X became effective on October 1, 2019.
  • This is the American ICD-10-CM version of J09.X - other international versions of ICD-10 J09.X may differ.
Applicable To
  • Avian influenza
  • Bird influenza
  • Influenza A/H5N1
  • Influenza of other animal origin, not bird or swine
  • Swine influenza virus (viruses that normally cause infections in pigs)
The following code(s) above J09.X contain annotation back-references
Annotation Back-References
In this context, annotation back-references refer to codes that contain:
  • Applicable To annotations, or
  • Code Also annotations, or
  • Code First annotations, or
  • Excludes1 annotations, or
  • Excludes2 annotations, or
  • Includes annotations, or
  • Note annotations, or
  • Use Additional annotations
that may be applicable to J09.X:
  • J00-J99
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range J00-J99

    Diseases of the respiratory system

    Note
    • When a respiratory condition is described as occurring in more than one site and is not specifically indexed, it should be classified to the lower anatomic site (e.g. tracheobronchitis to bronchitis in J40).
    Type 2 Excludes
    • certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P04-P96)
    • certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
    • complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A)
    • congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
    • endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E88)
    • injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00-T88)
    • neoplasms (C00-D49)
    • smoke inhalation (T59.81-)
    • symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R94)
    Use Additional
    • code, where applicable, to identify:
    • exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (Z77.22)
    • exposure to tobacco smoke in the perinatal period (P96.81)
    • history of tobacco dependence (Z87.891)
    • occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (Z57.31)
    • tobacco dependence (F17.-)
    • tobacco use (Z72.0)
    Diseases of the respiratory system
  • J09-J18
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range J09-J18

    Influenza and pneumonia

    Type 2 Excludes
    • allergic or eosinophilic pneumonia (J82)
    • aspiration pneumonia NOS (J69.0)
    • meconium pneumonia (P24.01)
    • neonatal aspiration pneumonia (P24.-)
    • pneumonia due to solids and liquids (J69.-)
    • congenital pneumonia (P23.9)
    • lipid pneumonia (J69.1)
    • rheumatic pneumonia (I00)
    • ventilator associated pneumonia (J95.851)
    Influenza and pneumonia
  • J09
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J09

    Influenza due to certain identified influenza viruses

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    • influenza A/H1N1 (J10.-)
    • influenza due to other identified influenza virus (J10.-)
    • influenza due to unidentified influenza virus (J11.-)
    • seasonal influenza due to other identified influenza virus (J10.-)
    • seasonal influenza due to unidentified influenza virus (J11.-)
    Influenza due to certain identified influenza viruses
Clinical Information
  • Birds, just like people, get the flu. Bird flu viruses infect birds, including chickens, other poultry, and wild birds such as ducks. Most bird flu viruses can only infect other birds. However, bird flu can pose health risks to people. The first case of a bird flu virus infecting a person directly, h5n1, was in hong kong in 1997. Since then, the bird flu virus has spread to birds in countries in asia, africa, the middle east, and europe.human infection is still very rare, but the virus that causes the infection in birds might change, or mutate, to more easily infect humans. This could lead to a pandemic, a worldwide outbreak of the illness. During an outbreak of bird flu, people who have contact with infected birds can become sick. It may also be possible to catch bird flu by eating poultry or eggs that are not well cooked or through contact with a person who has it. Bird flu can make people very sick or even cause death. Antiviral medicines may make the illness less severe, and may help prevent the flu in people who were exposed to it. There is currently no vaccine.
  • Infection caused by influenza a viruses that occur naturally in birds; wild birds can carry the viruses, but usually do not get sick from them; some domesticated birds, including chickens, ducks, and turkeys, can become infected, often fatally; one strain of avian influenza, the h5n1 virus, may infect various types of animals, including wild birds, pigs, and tigers; symptoms in birds and other animals vary, but virulent strains can cause death within a few days; human h5n1 infection was first recognized in 1997 in hong kong.
  • Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other birds with influenza a virus. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic poultry.
Code History
  • 2016 (effective 10/1/2015): New code (first year of non-draft ICD-10-CM)
  • 2017 (effective 10/1/2016): No change
  • 2018 (effective 10/1/2017): No change
  • 2019 (effective 10/1/2018): No change
  • 2020 (effective 10/1/2019): No change
Code annotations containing back-references to J09.X:
  • Type 1 Excludes: J10
    , J10
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J10

    Influenza due to other identified influenza virus

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    • influenza due to avian influenza virus (J09.X-)
    • influenza due to swine flu (J09.X-)
    • influenza due to unidentifed influenza virus (J11.-)
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J10

    Influenza due to other identified influenza virus

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    • influenza due to avian influenza virus (J09.X-)
    • influenza due to swine flu (J09.X-)
    • influenza due to unidentifed influenza virus (J11.-)
ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To J09.X
J04.31 …… with obstruction
J05 Acute obstructive laryngitis [croup] and epiglottitis
J05.0 Acute obstructive laryngitis [croup]
J05.1 Acute epiglottitis
J05.10 …… without obstruction
J05.11 …… with obstruction
J06 Acute upper respiratory infections of multiple and unspecified sites
J06.0 Acute laryngopharyngitis
J06.9 Acute upper respiratory infection, unspecified
J09 Influenza due to certain identified influenza viruses
J09.X Influenza due to identified novel influenza A virus
J09.X1 …… with pneumonia
J09.X2 …… with other respiratory manifestations
J09.X3 …… with gastrointestinal manifestations
J09.X9 …… with other manifestations
J10 Influenza due to other identified influenza virus
J10.0 Influenza due to other identified influenza virus with pneumonia
J10.00 Influenza due to other identified influenza virus with unspecified type of pneumonia
J10.01 Influenza due to other identified influenza virus with the same other identified influenza virus pneumonia
J10.08 Influenza due to other identified influenza virus with other specified pneumonia
J10.1 Influenza due to other identified influenza virus with other respiratory manifestations

Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes.