2022 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J43.9

Emphysema, unspecified

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Billable/Specific Code
  • J43.9 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes.
  • The 2022 edition of ICD-10-CM J43.9 became effective on October 1, 2021.
  • This is the American ICD-10-CM version of J43.9 - other international versions of ICD-10 J43.9 may differ.
Applicable To
  • Bullous emphysema (lung)(pulmonary)
  • Emphysema (lung)(pulmonary) NOS
  • Emphysematous bleb
  • Vesicular emphysema (lung)(pulmonary)
The following code(s) above J43.9 contain annotation back-references
Annotation Back-References
In this context, annotation back-references refer to codes that contain:
  • Applicable To annotations, or
  • Code Also annotations, or
  • Code First annotations, or
  • Excludes1 annotations, or
  • Excludes2 annotations, or
  • Includes annotations, or
  • Note annotations, or
  • Use Additional annotations
that may be applicable to J43.9:
  • J00-J99
    2022 ICD-10-CM Range J00-J99

    Diseases of the respiratory system

    Note
    • When a respiratory condition is described as occurring in more than one site and is not specifically indexed, it should be classified to the lower anatomic site (e.g. tracheobronchitis to bronchitis in J40).
    Type 2 Excludes
    • certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P04-P96)
    • certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
    • complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A)
    • congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
    • endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E88)
    • injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00-T88)
    • neoplasms (C00-D49)
    • smoke inhalation (T59.81-)
    • symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R94)
    Use Additional
    • code, where applicable, to identify:
    • exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (Z77.22)
    • exposure to tobacco smoke in the perinatal period (P96.81)
    • history of tobacco dependence (Z87.891)
    • occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (Z57.31)
    • tobacco dependence (F17.-)
    • tobacco use (Z72.0)
    Diseases of the respiratory system
  • J40-J47
    2022 ICD-10-CM Range J40-J47

    Chronic lower respiratory diseases

    Type 1 Excludes
    • bronchitis due to chemicals, gases, fumes and vapors (J68.0)
    Type 2 Excludes
    Chronic lower respiratory diseases
  • J43
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J43

    Emphysema

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    • compensatory emphysema (J98.3)
    • emphysema due to inhalation of chemicals, gases, fumes or vapors (J68.4)
    • emphysema with chronic (obstructive) bronchitis (J44.-)
    • emphysematous (obstructive) bronchitis (J44.-)
    • interstitial emphysema (J98.2)
    • mediastinal emphysema (J98.2)
    • neonatal interstitial emphysema (P25.0)
    • surgical (subcutaneous) emphysema (T81.82)
    Type 2 Excludes
    • traumatic subcutaneous emphysema (T79.7)
    Use Additional
    • code to identify:
    • exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (Z77.22)
    • history of tobacco dependence (Z87.891)
    • occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (Z57.31)
    • tobacco dependence (F17.-)
    • tobacco use (Z72.0)
    Emphysema
Approximate Synonyms
  • Bullous emphysema
  • Chronic bullous emphysema
  • Emphysema
  • Emphysematous bleb
  • Emphysematous bleb of lung
Clinical Information
  • A condition of the lung characterized by increase beyond normal in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, either from dilatation of the alveoli or from destruction of their walls.
  • A subcategory of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd). It occurs in people who smoke and suffer from chronic bronchitis. It is characterized by inflation of the alveoli, alveolar wall damage, and reduction in the number of alveoli, resulting in difficulty breathing.
  • A subcategory of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd). It occurs in people who smoke and suffer from chronic bronchitis. It is characterized by inflation of the alveoli, alveolar wall damage, and reduction in the number of alveoli, resulting in difficulty breathing. Alveoli are the vital lung structures where the transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
  • An abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in breathing difficulty and an increased sensitivity to infection
  • Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) involving damage to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. As a result, your body does not get the oxygen it needs. Emphysema makes it hard to catch your breath. You may also have a chronic cough and have trouble breathing during exercise.the most common cause is cigarette smoking. If you smoke, quitting can help prevent you from getting the disease. If you already have emphysema, not smoking might keep it from getting worse. Treatment is based on whether your symptoms are mild, moderate or severe. Treatments include inhalers, oxygen, medications and sometimes surgery to relieve symptoms and prevent complications.
  • Enlargement of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles where gas-exchange normally takes place. This is usually due to destruction of the alveolar wall. Pulmonary emphysema can be classified by the location and distribution of the lesions.
  • Pulmonary emphysema is a disorder affecting the alveoli (tiny air sacs) of the lungs. The transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs takes place in the walls of the alveoli. In emphysema, the alveoli become abnormally inflated, damaging their walls and making it harder to breathe. People who smoke or have chronic bronchitis have an increased risk of emphysema.
  • Subcategory of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; characterized by anatomic alterations of the lungs, such as the enlargement of airspaces and destruction of alveolar walls.
ICD-10-CM J43.9 is grouped within Diagnostic Related Group(s) (MS-DRG v39.0):
  • 190 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with mcc
  • 191 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with cc
  • 192 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease without cc/mcc

Convert J43.9 to ICD-9-CM

Code History
  • 2016 (effective 10/1/2015): New code (first year of non-draft ICD-10-CM)
  • 2017 (effective 10/1/2016): No change
  • 2018 (effective 10/1/2017): No change
  • 2019 (effective 10/1/2018): No change
  • 2020 (effective 10/1/2019): No change
  • 2021 (effective 10/1/2020): No change
  • 2022 (effective 10/1/2021): No change
Code annotations containing back-references to J43.9:
  • Type 1 Excludes: J98.2
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J98.2

    Interstitial emphysema

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Billable/Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • Mediastinal emphysema
    Type 1 Excludes
    • emphysema NOS (J43.9)
    • emphysema in newborn (P25.0)
    • surgical emphysema (subcutaneous) (T81.82)
    • traumatic subcutaneous emphysema (T79.7)

Diagnosis Index entries containing back-references to J43.9:
  • Bleb(s) R23.8
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code R23.8

    Other skin changes

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Billable/Specific Code
    • lung (ruptured) J43.9
    • emphysematous J43.9 (lung) (solitary)
    • subpleural J43.9 (emphysematous)
  • Bulla (e) R23.8
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code R23.8

    Other skin changes

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Billable/Specific Code
    • lung (emphysematous) (solitary) J43.9
  • Cyst (colloid) (mucous) (simple) (retention)
    • lung J98.4
      ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J98.4

      Other disorders of lung

        2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Billable/Specific Code
      Applicable To
      • Calcification of lung
      • Cystic lung disease (acquired)
      • Lung disease NOS
      • Pulmolithiasis
      Type 1 Excludes
      • acute interstitial pneumonitis (J84.114)
      • pulmonary insufficiency following surgery (J95.1-J95.2)
      • giant bullous J43.9
  • Disease, diseased - see also Syndrome
    • lung J98.4
      ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J98.4

      Other disorders of lung

        2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Billable/Specific Code
      Applicable To
      • Calcification of lung
      • Cystic lung disease (acquired)
      • Lung disease NOS
      • Pulmolithiasis
      Type 1 Excludes
      • acute interstitial pneumonitis (J84.114)
      • pulmonary insufficiency following surgery (J95.1-J95.2)
      • obstructive (chronic) J44.9
        ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J44.9

        Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified

          2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Billable/Specific Code
        Applicable To
        • Chronic obstructive airway disease NOS
        • Chronic obstructive lung disease NOS
        Type 2 Excludes
        • lung diseases due to external agents (J60-J70)
        • with
          • emphysema J43.9
  • Emphysema (atrophic) (bullous) (chronic) (interlobular) (lung) (obstructive) (pulmonary) (senile) (vesicular) J43.9
  • Obstruction, obstructed, obstructive
    • airway J98.8
      ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code J98.8

      Other specified respiratory disorders

        2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Billable/Specific Code
      • with
        • emphysema J43.9

ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To J43.9
J41 Simple and mucopurulent chronic bronchitis
J41.0 Simple chronic bronchitis
J41.1 Mucopurulent chronic bronchitis
J41.8 Mixed simple and mucopurulent chronic bronchitis
J42 Unspecified chronic bronchitis
J43 Emphysema
J43.0 Unilateral pulmonary emphysema [MacLeod's syndrome]
J43.1 Panlobular emphysema
J43.2 Centrilobular emphysema
J43.8 Other emphysema
J43.9 Emphysema, unspecified
J44 Other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
J44.0 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with (acute) lower respiratory infection
J44.1 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with (acute) exacerbation
J44.9 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified
J45 Asthma
J45.2 Mild intermittent asthma
J45.20 …… uncomplicated
J45.21 …… with (acute) exacerbation
J45.22 …… with status asthmaticus
J45.3 Mild persistent asthma

Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes.