2020 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M41

Scoliosis

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
  • M41 should not be used for reimbursement purposes as there are multiple codes below it that contain a greater level of detail.
  • The 2020 edition of ICD-10-CM M41 became effective on October 1, 2019.
  • This is the American ICD-10-CM version of M41 - other international versions of ICD-10 M41 may differ.
Type 1 Excludes
Type 1 Excludes Help
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes. It means "not coded here". A type 1 excludes note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as M41. A type 1 excludes note is for used for when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • congenital scoliosis NOS (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code Q67.5

    Congenital deformity of spine

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code POA Exempt
    Applicable To
    • Congenital postural scoliosis
    • Congenital scoliosis NOS
    Type 1 Excludes
    • infantile idiopathic scoliosis (M41.0)
    • scoliosis due to congenital bony malformation (Q76.3)
    Q67.5
    )
  • congenital scoliosis due to bony malformation (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code Q76.3

    Congenital scoliosis due to congenital bony malformation

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code POA Exempt
    Applicable To
    • Hemivertebra fusion or failure of segmentation with scoliosis
    Q76.3
    )
  • postural congenital scoliosis (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code Q67.5

    Congenital deformity of spine

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code POA Exempt
    Applicable To
    • Congenital postural scoliosis
    • Congenital scoliosis NOS
    Type 1 Excludes
    • infantile idiopathic scoliosis (M41.0)
    • scoliosis due to congenital bony malformation (Q76.3)
    Q67.5
    )
  • kyphoscoliotic heart disease (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code I27.1

    Kyphoscoliotic heart disease

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
    I27.1
    )
  • postprocedural scoliosis (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M96
    • M96 Intraoperative and postprocedural complicatio...
      • M96.0 Pseudarthrosis after fusion or arthrodesis
      • M96.1 Postlaminectomy syndrome, not elsewhere class...
      • M96.2 Postradiation kyphosis
      • M96.3 Postlaminectomy kyphosis
      • M96.4 Postsurgical lordosis
      • M96.5 Postradiation scoliosis
      • M96.6 Fracture of bone following insertion of ortho...
        • M96.62 Fracture of humerus following insertion of or...
          • M96.621 Fracture of humerus following insertion of or...
          • M96.622 Fracture of humerus following insertion of or...
          • M96.629 Fracture of humerus following insertion of or...
        • M96.63 Fracture of radius or ulna following insertio...
          • M96.631 Fracture of radius or ulna following insertio...
          • M96.632 Fracture of radius or ulna following insertio...
          • M96.639 Fracture of radius or ulna following insertio...
        • M96.65 Fracture of pelvis following insertion of ort...
        • M96.66 Fracture of femur following insertion of orth...
          • M96.661 Fracture of femur following insertion of orth...
          • M96.662 Fracture of femur following insertion of orth...
          • M96.669 Fracture of femur following insertion of orth...
        • M96.67 Fracture of tibia or fibula following inserti...
          • M96.671 Fracture of tibia or fibula following inserti...
          • M96.672 Fracture of tibia or fibula following inserti...
          • M96.679 Fracture of tibia or fibula following inserti...
        • M96.69 Fracture of other bone following insertion of...
      • M96.8 Other intraoperative and postprocedural compl...
        • M96.81 Intraoperative hemorrhage and hematoma of a m...
          • M96.810 Intraoperative hemorrhage and hematoma of a m...
          • M96.811 Intraoperative hemorrhage and hematoma of a m...
        • M96.82 Accidental puncture and laceration of a muscu...
          • M96.820 Accidental puncture and laceration of a muscu...
          • M96.821 Accidental puncture and laceration of a muscu...
        • M96.83 Postprocedural hemorrhage of a musculoskeleta...
          • M96.830 Postprocedural hemorrhage of a musculoskeleta...
          • M96.831 Postprocedural hemorrhage of a musculoskeleta...
        • M96.84 Postprocedural hematoma and seroma of a muscu...
          • M96.840 Postprocedural hematoma of a musculoskeletal ...
          • M96.841 Postprocedural hematoma of a musculoskeletal ...
          • M96.842 Postprocedural seroma of a musculoskeletal st...
          • M96.843 Postprocedural seroma of a musculoskeletal st...
        • M96.89 Other intraoperative and postprocedural compl...
    M96.-
    )
Includes
Includes Help
"Includes" further defines, or give examples of, the content of the code or category.
  • kyphoscoliosis
The following code(s) above M41 contain annotation back-references
Annotation Back-References
In this context, annotation back-references refer to codes that contain:
  • Applicable To annotations, or
  • Code Also annotations, or
  • Code First annotations, or
  • Excludes1 annotations, or
  • Excludes2 annotations, or
  • Includes annotations, or
  • Note annotations, or
  • Use Additional annotations
that may be applicable to M41:
  • M00-M99
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range M00-M99

    Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue

    Note
    • Use an external cause code following the code for the musculoskeletal condition, if applicable, to identify the cause of the musculoskeletal condition
    Type 2 Excludes
    • arthropathic psoriasis (L40.5-)
    • certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P04-P96)
    • certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
    • compartment syndrome (traumatic) (T79.A-)
    • complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A)
    • congenital malformations, deformations, and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
    • endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E88)
    • injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00-T88)
    • neoplasms (C00-D49)
    • symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R94)
    Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Clinical Information
  • A congenital or acquired spine deformity characterized by lateral curvature of the spine.
  • A disorder characterized by a malformed, lateral curvature of the spine.
  • Abnormal lateral curvature of spine
  • An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
  • Appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine.
  • Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine. These curves are often s- or c-shaped. Scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the early teens, when children grow fast. Girls are more likely to have it than boys. It can run in families. Symptoms include leaning to one side and having uneven shoulders and hips.sometimes the curve is temporary. It might be due to muscle spasms, inflammation or having different leg lengths. A birth defect, tumor or another disease might cause the spine to have a curve that isn't temporary. People with mild scoliosis might only need checkups to see if the curve is getting worse. Others might need to wear a brace or have surgery. nih: national institute of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases
Code History
  • 2016 (effective 10/1/2015): New code (first year of non-draft ICD-10-CM)
  • 2017 (effective 10/1/2016): No change
  • 2018 (effective 10/1/2017): No change
  • 2019 (effective 10/1/2018): No change
  • 2020 (effective 10/1/2019): No change
Code annotations containing back-references to M41:
  • Type 1 Excludes: M40
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M40

    Kyphosis and lordosis

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    • congenital kyphosis and lordosis (Q76.4)
    • kyphoscoliosis (M41.-)
    • postprocedural kyphosis and lordosis (M96.-)
  • Type 2 Excludes: M43.8
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M43.8

    Other specified deforming dorsopathies

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 2 Excludes
ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To M41
M40.4 Postural lordosis
M40.40 …… site unspecified
M40.45 …… thoracolumbar region
M40.46 …… lumbar region
M40.47 …… lumbosacral region
M40.5 Lordosis, unspecified
M40.50 …… site unspecified
M40.55 …… thoracolumbar region
M40.56 …… lumbar region
M40.57 …… lumbosacral region
M41 Scoliosis
M41.0 Infantile idiopathic scoliosis
M41.00 …… site unspecified
M41.02 …… cervical region
M41.03 …… cervicothoracic region
M41.04 …… thoracic region
M41.05 …… thoracolumbar region
M41.06 …… lumbar region
M41.07 …… lumbosacral region
M41.08 …… sacral and sacrococcygeal region
M41.1 Juvenile and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes.