2020 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M70

Soft tissue disorders related to use, overuse and pressure

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
  • M70 should not be used for reimbursement purposes as there are multiple codes below it that contain a greater level of detail.
  • The 2020 edition of ICD-10-CM M70 became effective on October 1, 2019.
  • This is the American ICD-10-CM version of M70 - other international versions of ICD-10 M70 may differ.
Use Additional
Use Additional Help
Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology. For such conditions the ICD-10-CM has a coding convention that requires the underlying condition be sequenced first followed by the manifestation. Wherever such a combination exists there is a "use additional code" note at the etiology code, and a "code first" note at the manifestation code. These instructional notes indicate the proper sequencing order of the codes, etiology followed by manifestation. In most cases the manifestation codes will have in the code title, "in diseases classified elsewhere." Codes with this title are a component of the etiology/manifestation convention. The code title indicates that it is a manifestation code. "In diseases classified elsewhere" codes are never permitted to be used as first listed or principle diagnosis codes. They must be used in conjunction with an underlying condition code and they must be listed following the underlying condition.
  • external cause code to identify activity causing disorder (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code Y93
    • Y93 Activity codes
      • Y93.0 Activities involving walking and running
        • Y93.01 Activity, walking, marching and hiking
        • Y93.02 Activity, running
      • Y93.1 Activities involving water and water craft
        • Y93.11 Activity, swimming
        • Y93.12 Activity, springboard and platform diving
        • Y93.13 Activity, water polo
        • Y93.14 Activity, water aerobics and water exercise
        • Y93.15 Activity, underwater diving and snorkeling
        • Y93.16 Activity, rowing, canoeing, kayaking, rafting...
        • Y93.17 Activity, water skiing and wake boarding
        • Y93.18 Activity, surfing, windsurfing and boogie boa...
        • Y93.19 Activity, other involving water and watercraf...
      • Y93.2 Activities involving ice and snow
        • Y93.21 Activity, ice skating
        • Y93.22 Activity, ice hockey
        • Y93.23 Activity, snow (alpine) (downhill) skiing, sn...
        • Y93.24 Activity, cross country skiing
        • Y93.29 Activity, other involving ice and snow
      • Y93.3 Activities involving climbing, rappelling and...
        • Y93.31 Activity, mountain climbing, rock climbing an...
        • Y93.32 Activity, rappelling
        • Y93.33 Activity, BASE jumping
        • Y93.34 Activity, bungee jumping
        • Y93.35 Activity, hang gliding
        • Y93.39 Activity, other involving climbing, rappellin...
      • Y93.4 Activities involving dancing and other rhythm...
        • Y93.41 Activity, dancing
        • Y93.42 Activity, yoga
        • Y93.43 Activity, gymnastics
        • Y93.44 Activity, trampolining
        • Y93.45 Activity, cheerleading
        • Y93.49 Activity, other involving dancing and other r...
      • Y93.5 Activities involving other sports and athleti...
        • Y93.51 Activity, roller skating (inline) and skatebo...
        • Y93.52 Activity, horseback riding
        • Y93.53 Activity, golf
        • Y93.54 Activity, bowling
        • Y93.55 Activity, bike riding
        • Y93.56 Activity, jumping rope
        • Y93.57 Activity, non-running track and field events
        • Y93.59 Activity, other involving other sports and at...
      • Y93.6 Activities involving other sports and athleti...
        • Y93.61 Activity, american tackle football
        • Y93.62 Activity, american flag or touch football
        • Y93.63 Activity, rugby
        • Y93.64 Activity, baseball
        • Y93.65 Activity, lacrosse and field hockey
        • Y93.66 Activity, soccer
        • Y93.67 Activity, basketball
        • Y93.68 Activity, volleyball (beach) (court)
        • Y93.6A Activity, physical games generally associated...
        • Y93.69 Activity, other involving other sports and at...
      • Y93.7 Activities involving other specified sports a...
        • Y93.71 Activity, boxing
        • Y93.72 Activity, wrestling
        • Y93.73 Activity, racquet and hand sports
        • Y93.74 Activity, frisbee
        • Y93.75 Activity, martial arts
        • Y93.79 Activity, other specified sports and athletic...
      • Y93.A Activities involving other cardiorespiratory ...
        • Y93.A1 Activity, exercise machines primarily for car...
        • Y93.A2 Activity, calisthenics
        • Y93.A3 Activity, aerobic and step exercise
        • Y93.A4 Activity, circuit training
        • Y93.A5 Activity, obstacle course
        • Y93.A6 Activity, grass drills
        • Y93.A9 Activity, other involving cardiorespiratory e...
      • Y93.B Activities involving other muscle strengtheni...
        • Y93.B1 Activity, exercise machines primarily for mus...
        • Y93.B2 Activity, push-ups, pull-ups, sit-ups
        • Y93.B3 Activity, free weights
        • Y93.B4 Activity, pilates
        • Y93.B9 Activity, other involving muscle strengthenin...
      • Y93.C Activities involving computer technology and ...
        • Y93.C1 Activity, computer keyboarding
        • Y93.C2 Activity, hand held interactive electronic de...
        • Y93.C9 Activity, other involving computer technology...
      • Y93.D Activities involving arts and handcrafts
        • Y93.D1 Activity, knitting and crocheting
        • Y93.D2 Activity, sewing
        • Y93.D3 Activity, furniture building and finishing
        • Y93.D9 Activity, other involving arts and handcrafts...
      • Y93.E Activities involving personal hygiene and int...
        • Y93.E1 Activity, personal bathing and showering
        • Y93.E2 Activity, laundry
        • Y93.E3 Activity, vacuuming
        • Y93.E4 Activity, ironing
        • Y93.E5 Activity, floor mopping and cleaning
        • Y93.E6 Activity, residential relocation
        • Y93.E8 Activity, other personal hygiene
        • Y93.E9 Activity, other interior property and clothin...
      • Y93.F Activities involving caregiving
        • Y93.F1 Activity, caregiving, bathing
        • Y93.F2 Activity, caregiving, lifting
        • Y93.F9 Activity, other caregiving
      • Y93.G Activities involving food preparation, cookin...
        • Y93.G1 Activity, food preparation and clean up
        • Y93.G2 Activity, grilling and smoking food
        • Y93.G3 Activity, cooking and baking
        • Y93.G9 Activity, other involving cooking and grillin...
      • Y93.H Activities involving exterior property and la...
        • Y93.H1 Activity, digging, shoveling and raking
        • Y93.H2 Activity, gardening and landscaping
        • Y93.H3 Activity, building and construction
        • Y93.H9 Activity, other involving exterior property a...
      • Y93.I Activities involving roller coasters and othe...
        • Y93.I1 Activity, roller coaster riding
        • Y93.I9 Activity, other involving external motion
      • Y93.J Activities involving playing musical instrume...
        • Y93.J1 Activity, piano playing
        • Y93.J2 Activity, drum and other percussion instrumen...
        • Y93.J3 Activity, string instrument playing
        • Y93.J4 Activity, winds and brass instrument playing
      • Y93.K Activities involving animal care
        • Y93.K1 Activity, walking an animal
        • Y93.K2 Activity, milking an animal
        • Y93.K3 Activity, grooming and shearing an animal
        • Y93.K9 Activity, other involving animal care
      • Y93.8 Activities, other specified
        • Y93.81 Activity, refereeing a sports activity
        • Y93.82 Activity, spectator at an event
        • Y93.83 Activity, rough housing and horseplay
        • Y93.84 Activity, sleeping
        • Y93.85 Activity, choking game
        • Y93.89 Activity, other specified
      • Y93.9 Activity, unspecified
    Y93.-
    )
Type 1 Excludes
Type 1 Excludes Help
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes. It means "not coded here". A type 1 excludes note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as M70. A type 1 excludes note is for used for when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • bursitis NOS (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M71.9

    Bursopathy, unspecified

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • Bursitis NOS
    M71.9-
    )
Type 2 Excludes
Type 2 Excludes Help
A type 2 excludes note represents "not included here". A type 2 excludes note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition it is excluded from but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When a type 2 excludes note appears under a code it is acceptable to use both the code (M70) and the excluded code together.
  • bursitis of shoulder (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M75.5

    Bursitis of shoulder

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    M75.5
    )
  • enthesopathies (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M76

    Enthesopathies, lower limb, excluding foot

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 2 Excludes
    • bursitis due to use, overuse and pressure (M70.-)
    • enthesopathies of ankle and foot (M77.5-)
    M76
    -
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M77

    Other enthesopathies

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    Type 2 Excludes
    • bursitis due to use, overuse and pressure (M70.-)
    • osteophyte (M25.7)
    • spinal enthesopathy (M46.0-)
    M77
    )
  • pressure ulcer (pressure area) (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code L89
    • L89 Pressure ulcer
      • L89.0 Pressure ulcer of elbow
        • L89.00 Pressure ulcer of unspecified elbow
          • L89.000 Pressure ulcer of unspecified elbow, unstagea...
          • L89.001 …… stage 1
          • L89.002 …… stage 2
          • L89.003 …… stage 3
          • L89.004 …… stage 4
          • L89.006 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of unspec...
          • L89.009 Pressure ulcer of unspecified elbow, unspecif...
        • L89.01 Pressure ulcer of right elbow
        • L89.02 Pressure ulcer of left elbow
      • L89.1 Pressure ulcer of back
        • L89.10 Pressure ulcer of unspecified part of back
          • L89.100 Pressure ulcer of unspecified part of back, u...
          • L89.101 Pressure ulcer of unspecified part of back, s...
          • L89.102 Pressure ulcer of unspecified part of back, s...
          • L89.103 Pressure ulcer of unspecified part of back, s...
          • L89.104 Pressure ulcer of unspecified part of back, s...
          • L89.106 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of unspec...
          • L89.109 Pressure ulcer of unspecified part of back, u...
        • L89.11 Pressure ulcer of right upper back
          • L89.110 Pressure ulcer of right upper back, unstageab...
          • L89.111 …… stage 1
          • L89.112 …… stage 2
          • L89.113 …… stage 3
          • L89.114 …… stage 4
          • L89.116 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of right ...
          • L89.119 Pressure ulcer of right upper back, unspecifi...
        • L89.12 Pressure ulcer of left upper back
          • L89.120 Pressure ulcer of left upper back, unstageabl...
          • L89.121 …… stage 1
          • L89.122 …… stage 2
          • L89.123 …… stage 3
          • L89.124 …… stage 4
          • L89.126 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of left u...
          • L89.129 Pressure ulcer of left upper back, unspecifie...
        • L89.13 Pressure ulcer of right lower back
          • L89.130 Pressure ulcer of right lower back, unstageab...
          • L89.131 …… stage 1
          • L89.132 …… stage 2
          • L89.133 …… stage 3
          • L89.134 …… stage 4
          • L89.136 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of right ...
          • L89.139 Pressure ulcer of right lower back, unspecifi...
        • L89.14 Pressure ulcer of left lower back
          • L89.140 Pressure ulcer of left lower back, unstageabl...
          • L89.141 …… stage 1
          • L89.142 …… stage 2
          • L89.143 …… stage 3
          • L89.144 …… stage 4
          • L89.146 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of left l...
          • L89.149 Pressure ulcer of left lower back, unspecifie...
        • L89.15 Pressure ulcer of sacral region
      • L89.2 Pressure ulcer of hip
        • L89.20 Pressure ulcer of unspecified hip
          • L89.200 Pressure ulcer of unspecified hip, unstageabl...
          • L89.201 …… stage 1
          • L89.202 …… stage 2
          • L89.203 …… stage 3
          • L89.204 …… stage 4
          • L89.206 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of unspec...
          • L89.209 Pressure ulcer of unspecified hip, unspecifie...
        • L89.21 Pressure ulcer of right hip
        • L89.22 Pressure ulcer of left hip
      • L89.3 Pressure ulcer of buttock
        • L89.30 Pressure ulcer of unspecified buttock
          • L89.300 Pressure ulcer of unspecified buttock, unstag...
          • L89.301 Pressure ulcer of unspecified buttock, stage ...
          • L89.302 Pressure ulcer of unspecified buttock, stage ...
          • L89.303 Pressure ulcer of unspecified buttock, stage ...
          • L89.304 Pressure ulcer of unspecified buttock, stage ...
          • L89.306 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of unspec...
          • L89.309 Pressure ulcer of unspecified buttock, unspec...
        • L89.31 Pressure ulcer of right buttock
        • L89.32 Pressure ulcer of left buttock
      • L89.4 Pressure ulcer of contiguous site of back, bu...
        • L89.40 Pressure ulcer of contiguous site of back, bu...
        • L89.41 Pressure ulcer of contiguous site of back, bu...
        • L89.42 Pressure ulcer of contiguous site of back, bu...
        • L89.43 Pressure ulcer of contiguous site of back, bu...
        • L89.44 Pressure ulcer of contiguous site of back, bu...
        • L89.45 Pressure ulcer of contiguous site of back, bu...
        • L89.46 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of contig...
      • L89.5 Pressure ulcer of ankle
        • L89.50 Pressure ulcer of unspecified ankle
          • L89.500 Pressure ulcer of unspecified ankle, unstagea...
          • L89.501 …… stage 1
          • L89.502 …… stage 2
          • L89.503 …… stage 3
          • L89.504 …… stage 4
          • L89.506 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of unspec...
          • L89.509 Pressure ulcer of unspecified ankle, unspecif...
        • L89.51 Pressure ulcer of right ankle
        • L89.52 Pressure ulcer of left ankle
      • L89.6 Pressure ulcer of heel
        • L89.60 Pressure ulcer of unspecified heel
          • L89.600 Pressure ulcer of unspecified heel, unstageab...
          • L89.601 …… stage 1
          • L89.602 …… stage 2
          • L89.603 …… stage 3
          • L89.604 …… stage 4
          • L89.606 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of unspec...
          • L89.609 Pressure ulcer of unspecified heel, unspecifi...
        • L89.61 Pressure ulcer of right heel
        • L89.62 Pressure ulcer of left heel
      • L89.8 Pressure ulcer of other site
      • L89.9 Pressure ulcer of unspecified site
        • L89.90 Pressure ulcer of unspecified site, unspecifi...
        • L89.91 …… stage 1
        • L89.92 …… stage 2
        • L89.93 …… stage 3
        • L89.94 …… stage 4
        • L89.95 Pressure ulcer of unspecified site, unstageab...
        • L89.96 Pressure-induced deep tissue damage of unspec...
    L89.-
    )
Includes
Includes Help
"Includes" further defines, or give examples of, the content of the code or category.
  • soft tissue disorders of occupational origin
The following code(s) above M70 contain annotation back-references
Annotation Back-References
In this context, annotation back-references refer to codes that contain:
  • Applicable To annotations, or
  • Code Also annotations, or
  • Code First annotations, or
  • Excludes1 annotations, or
  • Excludes2 annotations, or
  • Includes annotations, or
  • Note annotations, or
  • Use Additional annotations
that may be applicable to M70:
  • M00-M99
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range M00-M99

    Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue

    Note
    • Use an external cause code following the code for the musculoskeletal condition, if applicable, to identify the cause of the musculoskeletal condition
    Type 2 Excludes
    • arthropathic psoriasis (L40.5-)
    • certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P04-P96)
    • certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
    • compartment syndrome (traumatic) (T79.A-)
    • complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A)
    • congenital malformations, deformations, and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
    • endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E88)
    • injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00-T88)
    • neoplasms (C00-D49)
    • symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R94)
    Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Code History
  • 2016 (effective 10/1/2015): New code (first year of non-draft ICD-10-CM)
  • 2017 (effective 10/1/2016): No change
  • 2018 (effective 10/1/2017): No change
  • 2019 (effective 10/1/2018): No change
  • 2020 (effective 10/1/2019): No change
Code annotations containing back-references to M70:
  • Type 1 Excludes: M65
    , M71
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M65

    Synovitis and tenosynovitis

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    • chronic crepitant synovitis of hand and wrist (M70.0-)
    • current injury - see injury of ligament or tendon by body region
    • soft tissue disorders related to use, overuse and pressure (M70.-)
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M71

    Other bursopathies

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    • bunion (M20.1)
    • bursitis related to use, overuse or pressure (M70.-)
    • enthesopathies (M76-M77)
  • Type 2 Excludes: M76
    , M77
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M76

    Enthesopathies, lower limb, excluding foot

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 2 Excludes
    • bursitis due to use, overuse and pressure (M70.-)
    • enthesopathies of ankle and foot (M77.5-)
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code M77

    Other enthesopathies

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    Type 2 Excludes
    • bursitis due to use, overuse and pressure (M70.-)
    • osteophyte (M25.7)
    • spinal enthesopathy (M46.0-)
ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To M70
M67.96 Unspecified disorder of synovium and tendon, lower leg
M67.961 Unspecified disorder of synovium and tendon, right lower leg
M67.962 Unspecified disorder of synovium and tendon, left lower leg
M67.969 Unspecified disorder of synovium and tendon, unspecified lower leg
M67.97 Unspecified disorder of synovium and tendon, ankle and foot
M67.971 Unspecified disorder of synovium and tendon, right ankle and foot
M67.972 Unspecified disorder of synovium and tendon, left ankle and foot
M67.979 Unspecified disorder of synovium and tendon, unspecified ankle and foot
M67.98 …… other site
M67.99 …… multiple sites
M70 Soft tissue disorders related to use, overuse and pressure
M70.0 Crepitant synovitis (acute) (chronic) of hand and wrist
M70.03 Crepitant synovitis (acute) (chronic), wrist
M70.031 Crepitant synovitis (acute) (chronic), right wrist
M70.032 Crepitant synovitis (acute) (chronic), left wrist
M70.039 Crepitant synovitis (acute) (chronic), unspecified wrist
M70.04 Crepitant synovitis (acute) (chronic), hand
M70.041 Crepitant synovitis (acute) (chronic), right hand
M70.042 Crepitant synovitis (acute) (chronic), left hand
M70.049 Crepitant synovitis (acute) (chronic), unspecified hand
M70.1 Bursitis of hand

Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes.