Aphagia and dysphagia R13-

Clinical Information
  • A disorder characterized by difficulty in swallowing.
  • A symptom referring to difficulty in swallowing. It may be observed in patients with stroke, motor neuron disorders, cancer of the throat or mouth, head and neck injuries, parkinson disease, and multiple sclerosis.
  • Difficulty in swallowing which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the pharynx and upper esophageal sphincter; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the esophagus.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • If you have a swallowing disorder, you may have difficulty swallowing and may also have pain while swallowing. Some people may be completely unable to swallow or may have trouble swallowing liquids, foods or saliva. This makes it hard to eat. Often, it can be difficult to take in enough calories and fluids to nourish your body.anyone can have a swallowing disorder, but it is more likely in the elderly. Swallowing problems often happen because of other conditions, including
    • nervous system disorders, such as parkinson's disease and cerebral palsy
    • problems with your esophagus, including gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd)
    • stroke
    • head or spinal cord injury
    • cancer of the head, neck, or esophagus
    medicines can help some people, while others may need surgery. Swallowing treatment with a speech-language pathologist can help. You may find it helpful to change your diet or hold your head or neck in a certain way when you eat. In very serious cases, people may need feeding tubes. nih: national institute on deafness and other communication disorders