2020 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S31

Open wound of abdomen, lower back, pelvis and external genitals

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
  • S31 should not be used for reimbursement purposes as there are multiple codes below it that contain a greater level of detail.
  • Short description: Opn wnd abdomen, lower back, pelvis and external genitals
  • The 2020 edition of ICD-10-CM S31 became effective on October 1, 2019.
  • This is the American ICD-10-CM version of S31 - other international versions of ICD-10 S31 may differ.
Code Also
Code Also Help
A code also note instructs that 2 codes may be required to fully describe a condition but the sequencing of the two codes is discretionary, depending on the severity of the conditions and the reason for the encounter.
  • any associated:
  • spinal cord injury (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S24.0

    Concussion and edema of thoracic spinal cord

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    S24.0
    ,
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S24.1

    Other and unspecified injuries of thoracic spinal cord

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    S24.1-
    ,
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S34.0

    Concussion and edema of lumbar and sacral spinal cord

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    S34.0-
    ,
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S34.1

    Other and unspecified injury of lumbar and sacral spinal cord

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    S34.1-
    )
  • wound infection
Type 1 Excludes
Type 1 Excludes Help
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes. It means "not coded here". A type 1 excludes note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as S31. A type 1 excludes note is for used for when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • traumatic amputation of part of abdomen, lower back and pelvis (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S38.2

    Traumatic amputation of external genital organs

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    S38.2-
    ,
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S38.3

    Transection (partial) of abdomen

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    S38.3
    )
Type 2 Excludes
Type 2 Excludes Help
A type 2 excludes note represents "not included here". A type 2 excludes note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition it is excluded from but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When a type 2 excludes note appears under a code it is acceptable to use both the code (S31) and the excluded code together.
  • open wound of hip (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S71.00

    Unspecified open wound of hip

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    S71.00-
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S71.02

    Laceration with foreign body of hip

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    S71.02
    )
  • open fracture of pelvis (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S32.1

    Fracture of sacrum

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • For vertical fractures, code to most medial fracture extension
    • Use two codes if both a vertical and transverse fracture are present
    Code Also
    • any associated fracture of pelvic ring (S32.8-)
    S32.1-
    -
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S32.9

    Fracture of unspecified parts of lumbosacral spine and pelvis

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • Fracture of lumbosacral spine NOS
    • Fracture of pelvis NOS
    S32.9
    with 7th character B)
The following code(s) above S31 contain annotation back-references
Annotation Back-References
In this context, annotation back-references refer to codes that contain:
  • Applicable To annotations, or
  • Code Also annotations, or
  • Code First annotations, or
  • Excludes1 annotations, or
  • Excludes2 annotations, or
  • Includes annotations, or
  • Note annotations, or
  • Use Additional annotations
that may be applicable to S31:
  • S00-T88
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range S00-T88

    Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes

    Note
    • Use secondary code(s) from Chapter 20, External causes of morbidity, to indicate cause of injury. Codes within the T section that include the external cause do not require an additional external cause code
    Type 1 Excludes
    Use Additional
    • code to identify any retained foreign body, if applicable (Z18.-)
    Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes
  • S30-S39
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range S30-S39

    Injuries to the abdomen, lower back, lumbar spine, pelvis and external genitals

    Includes
    • injuries to the abdominal wall
    • injuries to the anus
    • injuries to the buttock
    • injuries to the external genitalia
    • injuries to the flank
    • injuries to the groin
    Type 2 Excludes
    • burns and corrosions (T20-T32)
    • effects of foreign body in anus and rectum (T18.5)
    • effects of foreign body in genitourinary tract (T19.-)
    • effects of foreign body in stomach, small intestine and colon (T18.2-T18.4)
    • frostbite (T33-T34)
    • insect bite or sting, venomous (T63.4)
    Injuries to the abdomen, lower back, lumbar spine, pelvis and external genitals
Code History
  • 2016 (effective 10/1/2015): New code (first year of non-draft ICD-10-CM)
  • 2017 (effective 10/1/2016): No change
  • 2018 (effective 10/1/2017): No change
  • 2019 (effective 10/1/2018): No change
  • 2020 (effective 10/1/2019): No change
Code annotations containing back-references to S31:
  • Code Also: S33.1
    , S34
    , S35
    , S36
    , S37
    , S39
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S33.1

    Subluxation and dislocation of lumbar vertebra

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Code Also
    Type 2 Excludes
    • fracture of lumbar vertebrae (S32.0-)
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S34

    Injury of lumbar and sacral spinal cord and nerves at abdomen, lower back and pelvis level

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Code Also
    • any associated:
    • fracture of vertebra (S22.0-, S32.0-)
    • open wound of abdomen, lower back and pelvis (S31.-)
    • transient paralysis (R29.5)
    Note
    • Code to highest level of lumbar cord injury
    • Injuries to the spinal cord (S34.0 and S34.1) refer to the cord level and not bone level injury, and can affect nerve roots at and below the level given.
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S35

    Injury of blood vessels at abdomen, lower back and pelvis level

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Code Also
    • any associated open wound (S31.-)
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S36

    Injury of intra-abdominal organs

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Code Also
    • any associated open wound (S31.-)
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S37

    Injury of urinary and pelvic organs

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Code Also
    • any associated open wound (S31.-)
    Type 1 Excludes
    • obstetric trauma to pelvic organs (O71.-)
    Type 2 Excludes
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S39

    Other and unspecified injuries of abdomen, lower back, pelvis and external genitals

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Code Also
    • any associated open wound (S31.-)
    Type 2 Excludes
    • sprain of joints and ligaments of lumbar spine and pelvis (S33.-)
  • Use Additional: S38.1
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S38.1

    Crushing injury of abdomen, lower back, and pelvis

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 2 Excludes
    • crushing injury of external genital organs (S38.0-)
    Use Additional
    • code for all associated injuries, such as:
    • fracture of thoracic or lumbar spine and pelvis (S22.0-, S32.-)
    • injury to intra-abdominal organs (S36.-)
    • injury to urinary and pelvic organs (S37.-)
    • open wound of abdominal wall (S31.-)
    • spinal cord injury (S34.0, S34.1-)
ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To S31
S30.96XD …… subsequent encounter
S30.96XS …… sequela
S30.97 Unspecified superficial injury of unspecified external genital organs, female
S30.97XA …… initial encounter
S30.97XD …… subsequent encounter
S30.97XS …… sequela
S30.98 Unspecified superficial injury of anus
S30.98XA …… initial encounter
S30.98XD …… subsequent encounter
S30.98XS …… sequela
S31 Open wound of abdomen, lower back, pelvis and external genitals
S31.0 Open wound of lower back and pelvis
S31.00 Unspecified open wound of lower back and pelvis
S31.000 Unspecified open wound of lower back and pelvis without penetration into retroperitoneum
S31.000A …… initial encounter
S31.000D …… subsequent encounter
S31.000S …… sequela
S31.001 Unspecified open wound of lower back and pelvis with penetration into retroperitoneum
S31.001A …… initial encounter
S31.001D …… subsequent encounter
S31.001S …… sequela

Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes.