2020 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W23

Caught, crushed, jammed or pinched in or between objects

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
  • W23 should not be used for reimbursement purposes as there are multiple codes below it that contain a greater level of detail.
  • The 2020 edition of ICD-10-CM W23 became effective on October 1, 2019.
  • This is the American ICD-10-CM version of W23 - other international versions of ICD-10 W23 may differ.
ICD-10-CM Coding Rules
  • W23 describes the circumstance causing an injury, not the nature of the injury.
Type 1 Excludes
Type 1 Excludes Help
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes. It means "not coded here". A type 1 excludes note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as W23. A type 1 excludes note is for used for when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
  • injury caused by cutting or piercing instruments (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W25

    Contact with sharp glass

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Code First
    • any associated:
    • injury due to flying glass from explosion or firearm discharge (W32-W40)
    • transport accident (V00-V99)
    Type 1 Excludes
    • fall on same level due to slipping, tripping and stumbling with subsequent striking against sharp glass (W01.110)
    • striking against sharp glass with subsequent fall (W18.02)
    Type 2 Excludes
    • glass embedded in skin (W45)
    W25
    -
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W27

    Contact with nonpowered hand tool

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    W27
    )
  • injury caused by firearms malfunction (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W32.1

    Accidental handgun malfunction

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • Injury due to explosion of handgun (parts)
    • Injury due to malfunction of mechanism or component of handgun
    • Injury due to recoil of handgun
    • Powder burn from handgun
    W32.1
    ,
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W33.1

    Accidental rifle, shotgun and larger firearm malfunction

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • Injury due to explosion of rifle, shotgun and larger firearm (parts)
    • Injury due to malfunction of mechanism or component of rifle, shotgun and larger firearm
    • Injury due to piercing, cutting, crushing or pinching due to (by) slide trigger mechanism, scope or other gun part
    • Injury due to recoil of rifle, shotgun and larger firearm
    • Powder burn from rifle, shotgun and larger firearm
    W33.1-
    ,
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W34.1

    Accidental malfunction from other and unspecified firearms and guns

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    W34.1-
    )
  • injury caused by lifting and transmission devices (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W24
    • W24 Contact with lifting and transmission devices...
      • W24.0 Contact with lifting devices, not elsewhere c...
        • W24.0XXA Contact with lifting devices, not elsewhere c...
        • W24.0XXD Contact with lifting devices, not elsewhere c...
        • W24.0XXS Contact with lifting devices, not elsewhere c...
      • W24.1 Contact with transmission devices, not elsewh...
        • W24.1XXA Contact with transmission devices, not elsewh...
        • W24.1XXD Contact with transmission devices, not elsewh...
        • W24.1XXS Contact with transmission devices, not elsewh...
    W24.-
    )
  • injury caused by machinery (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W28

    Contact with powered lawn mower

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Applicable To
    • Powered lawn mower (commercial) (residential)
    Type 1 Excludes
    • contact with nonpowered lawn mower (W27.1)
    Type 2 Excludes
    • exposure to electric current (W86.-)
    W28
    -
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W31

    Contact with other and unspecified machinery

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    Type 1 Excludes
    • contact with agricultural machinery (W30.-)
    • contact with machinery in transport under own power or being towed by a vehicle (V01-V99)
    • exposure to electric current (W86)
    W31
    )
  • injury caused by nonpowered hand tools (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W27
    • W27 Contact with nonpowered hand tool
      • W27.0 Contact with workbench tool
        • W27.0XXA Contact with workbench tool, initial encounte...
        • W27.0XXD Contact with workbench tool, subsequent encou...
        • W27.0XXS …… sequela
      • W27.1 Contact with garden tool
      • W27.2 Contact with scissors
      • W27.3 Contact with needle (sewing)
        • W27.3XXA Contact with needle (sewing), initial encount...
        • W27.3XXD Contact with needle (sewing), subsequent enco...
        • W27.3XXS …… sequela
      • W27.4 Contact with kitchen utensil
        • W27.4XXA Contact with kitchen utensil, initial encount...
        • W27.4XXD Contact with kitchen utensil, subsequent enco...
        • W27.4XXS …… sequela
      • W27.5 Contact with paper-cutter
      • W27.8 Contact with other nonpowered hand tool
        • W27.8XXA Contact with other nonpowered hand tool, init...
        • W27.8XXD Contact with other nonpowered hand tool, subs...
        • W27.8XXS Contact with other nonpowered hand tool, sequ...
    W27.-
    )
  • injury caused by transport vehicle being used as a means of transportation (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code V01

    Pedestrian injured in collision with pedal cycle

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    V01
    -
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code V99

    Unspecified transport accident

      2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code
    V99
    )
  • injury caused by struck by thrown, projected or falling object (
    ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code W20
    • W20 Struck by thrown, projected or falling object...
      • W20.0 Struck by falling object in cave-in
        • W20.0XXA Struck by falling object in cave-in, initial ...
        • W20.0XXD Struck by falling object in cave-in, subseque...
        • W20.0XXS …… sequela
      • W20.1 Struck by object due to collapse of building
        • W20.1XXA Struck by object due to collapse of building,...
        • W20.1XXD Struck by object due to collapse of building,...
        • W20.1XXS Struck by object due to collapse of building,...
      • W20.8 Other cause of strike by thrown, projected or...
        • W20.8XXA Other cause of strike by thrown, projected or...
        • W20.8XXD Other cause of strike by thrown, projected or...
        • W20.8XXS Other cause of strike by thrown, projected or...
    W20.-
    )
The following code(s) above W23 contain annotation back-references
Annotation Back-References
In this context, annotation back-references refer to codes that contain:
  • Applicable To annotations, or
  • Code Also annotations, or
  • Code First annotations, or
  • Excludes1 annotations, or
  • Excludes2 annotations, or
  • Includes annotations, or
  • Note annotations, or
  • Use Additional annotations
that may be applicable to W23:
  • V00-Y99
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range V00-Y99

    External causes of morbidity

    Note
    • This chapter permits the classification of environmental events and circumstances as the cause of injury, and other adverse effects. Where a code from this section is applicable, it is intended that it shall be used secondary to a code from another chapter of the Classification indicating the nature of the condition. Most often, the condition will be classifiable to Chapter 19, Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00-T88). Other conditions that may be stated to be due to external causes are classified in Chapters I to XVIII. For these conditions, codes from Chapter 20 should be used to provide additional information as to the cause of the condition.
    External causes of morbidity
  • W20-W49
    2020 ICD-10-CM Range W20-W49

    Exposure to inanimate mechanical forces

    Type 1 Excludes
    • assault (X92-Y09)
    • contact or collision with animals or persons (W50-W64)
    • exposure to inanimate mechanical forces involving military or war operations (Y36.-, Y37.-)
    • intentional self-harm (X71-X83)
    Exposure to inanimate mechanical forces
Code History
  • 2016 (effective 10/1/2015): New code (first year of non-draft ICD-10-CM)
  • 2017 (effective 10/1/2016): No change
  • 2018 (effective 10/1/2017): No change
  • 2019 (effective 10/1/2018): No change
  • 2020 (effective 10/1/2019): No change
ICD-10-CM Codes Adjacent To W23
W22.12XD …… subsequent encounter
W22.12XS …… sequela
W22.19 Striking against or struck by other automobile airbag
W22.19XA …… initial encounter
W22.19XD …… subsequent encounter
W22.19XS …… sequela
W22.8 Striking against or struck by other objects
W22.8XXA …… initial encounter
W22.8XXD …… subsequent encounter
W22.8XXS …… sequela
W23 Caught, crushed, jammed or pinched in or between objects
W23.0 Caught, crushed, jammed, or pinched between moving objects
W23.0XXA …… initial encounter
W23.0XXD …… subsequent encounter
W23.0XXS …… sequela
W23.1 Caught, crushed, jammed, or pinched between stationary objects
W23.1XXA …… initial encounter
W23.1XXD …… subsequent encounter
W23.1XXS …… sequela
W24 Contact with lifting and transmission devices, not elsewhere classified
W24.0 Contact with lifting devices, not elsewhere classified

Reimbursement claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015 require the use of ICD-10-CM codes.